Moore, Henry

Moore, Henry
   b. 1898, Castleford; d. 1986, Perry Green, Hertfordshire
   Sculptor
   Henry Moore dominated British sculpture in the twentieth century. Rejecting the classicism of academic sculpture, Moore was influenced by the stylized figures of ‘primitive art’ (Reclining Woman, 1929, Leeds City Art Gallery) and modernist art from continental Europe. His most experimental work combines surrealism and the biomorphism of Picasso and Arp, with a commitment to ‘truth to materials’ and direct carving. The two central motifs of Moore’s mature career date from the 1930s; the reclining female figure, often divided into two or more constituent parts and suggestive of landscape forms (Four Piece Composition: Reclining Figure, 1934, Tate Gallery, London); and the pierced or hollowed form which explores the relationship between the interior and exterior space. An official war artist, Moore’s Shelter Sketchbooks heralded a more conservative approach to the figure (Madonna and Child, 1943–4, Church of St Matthew, Northampton). Success at the Venice Biennale in 1948 secured his international reputation and a worldwide market. Prestigious commissions followed, including the UNESCO headquarters in Paris (1956–8). Replacing stone carving with casting bronze editions, and using assistants, enabled Moore to increase production, with the majority of his 11,000 sculptures dating from the final half of his career.
   Within Britain, Moore’s audience grew through public commissions, open-air exhibitions in London parks, and John Read’s films for the BBC. His modernist yet recognizably figurative style became the acceptable face of modern British art. Although Moore’s popularity continued to grow, his artistic achievement is largely confined to his activities before the Second World War. Moore’s legacy continues through his charity. The Henry Moore Foundation (HMF) was established in 1977 ‘to advance the education of the public by the promotion of their appreciation of the fine arts and in particular the works of Henry Moore’. By the 1990s it was providing around £4 million per annum for the visual arts in Britain. Though Moore’s work is promoted by the HMF, its broader objectives are devolved to other bodies; grants fund exhibitions and research around Britain. In Yorkshire, two organizations promote and exhibit sculpture of all periods and nationalities: the Henry Moore Centre for the Study of Sculpture, Leeds, which holds a sculpture collection, library and archive, and the Henry Moore Sculpture Trust, which organizes exhibitions at the Henry Moore Institute in Leeds and the Henry Moore Studio in Halifax.
   See also: Hepworth, Barbara; sculpture
   Further reading
    Bowness, A., Read, H. and Sylvester, D. (1988) Henry Moore: Complete Sculpture, catalogue raisonné in six volumes, 5th edn, London: Lund Humphries.
   CLAIRE GLOSSOP

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Moore,Henry — Moore, Henry. 1898 1986. British sculptor whose works, mostly semiabstract human figures, are characterized by smooth organic forms. * * * …   Universalium

  • Moore, Henry — born July 30, 1898, Castleford, Eng. died Aug. 31, 1986, Much Hadham English sculptor and graphic artist. The son of a coal miner, he was enabled to study at the Royal College of Art by a rehabilitation grant after being wounded in World War I.… …   Universalium

  • Moore, Henry — ► (1898 1986) Escultor británico. Es una de las grandes personalidades de la escultura del s. XX. Influido por el arte precolombino, se acercó más tarde al cubismo, al surrealismo y a la abstración. Centró su interés en la representación, entre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Moore, Henry Spencer — (7/30/1898 Castelford 8/31/1986 Perry Green) (England)    Sculptor, watercolorist, lithographer, and draftsman. Perhaps the most important British sculptor of the 20th century. Studied at the Leeds School of Art and the Royal College of Art.… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • MOORE, Henry Spencer — (1898–1986)    The distinguished British sculptor who acknowledged the influence of the Etruscans in his work. This influence is clearly visible in some of his reclining figures …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • Henry Moore (Bildhauer) — Henry Moore (* 30. Juli 1898 in Castleford, Yorkshire; † 31. August 1986 in Much Hadham, Hertfordshire) war ein englischer Bildhauer und Zeichner. Moore ist bekannt für seine großen, abstrakten Skulpturen, die weltweit ausgestellt sind. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry V. Esmond — Henry Vernon Esmond con su esposa, la actriz Eva Moore Nombre real Jack Esmond Nacimiento 30 de noviembre de 18 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Moore — Moore, George Moore, Henry Moore, Stanford Moore, Thomas * * * (as used in expressions) Grimké, Sarah (Moore) y Grimké, Angelina (Emily) Kennedy, Edward M(oore) David John Moore Cornwell Moore, Archie Moore, Brian Moore, Clement Clarke …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henry Schuyler Thibodaux — Henry S. Thibodaux Henry Schuyler Thibodaux (* 1769 in Albany, New York; † 24. Oktober 1827 in Thibodaux, Louisiana) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und im Jahr 1824 Gouverneur des Bundesstaates …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Luse Fuqua — (* 8. November 1865 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana; † 11. Oktober 1926 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1924 bis 1926 Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Louisiana. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre und politischer Aufstieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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